dcsimg

School Principal

Job Duties

Principals manage elementary, middle, and secondary schools. They hire teachers and staff, and then evaluate and improve the skills of those employees. They work together with teachers to develop and maintain curriculum standards, write mission statements, and set goals for school. They advise teachers at their school regarding procedures and legalities. They review learning materials, visit classrooms, observe teachers and their methods, and develop instructional objectives. Principals are also the school's representative to the community. They work with parents, teachers, and other community members in creating school policy.

Principals prepare budgets and other financial materials. They also work to make sure their students meet national, State, and local academic standards. They develop relationships and partnerships with local businesses that can help students transition from school to work. Principals also have responsibilities that do not relate directly to academics. They are increasingly involved with before- and after-school programs or family resource centers, which offer assistance to dual-income and single-parent families.

Job Skills

Qualities important for principals to possess include leadership, determination, confidence, innovativeness, and motivation. It is important for them to have specific knowledge of leadership concepts gained through experience as well as formal education. They should be good decision-makers and be able to organize and coordinate work efficiently. Strong interpersonal skills are essential, due to the high percentage of time spent interacting with others. Today, principals are required to be intimately familiar with computer technology. This is because they are required to gather information, collect data, and coordinate technical resources for their students, teachers, and classrooms.

Income

In 2002, principals earned a median annual salary of between $75,291 and $86,452, depending on the grade level of their schools. High school principals earned the most on average, followed by Jr. high/middle school principals, and finally, elementary school principals. Benefits for principals are typically very good, including 4 or 5 weeks of vacation each year and generous health and pension packages.

Training and Education

Most principals have a master's degree in education administration or educational supervision. Some have a doctorate or specialized degree in education administration. In private schools, due to the lack of State licensure requirements, some principals have only a bachelor's degree. In some States, principals are required to be licensed as school administrators, and many States use national standards developed by the Interstate School Leadership Licensure Consortium. Some States also require principals to take continuing education courses in order to be able to renew their licenses.

Most principals hold teaching positions prior to advancing to a principal position. While some teachers are promoted straight to principal, most become assistant principals or gain experience in other central office administrative jobs such as department head, curriculum specialist, or subject matter advisor. In a few cases, principals have worked their way up from other positions, such as recruiter, guidance counselor, or librarian.

Employment

In 2002, education administrators (the occupational category to which principals belong) held about 427,000 jobs. 60% worked for State and local governments, and 20% worked for private institutions. Less than 5% were self-employed.

Job Outlook

Between 2002 and 2012, employment of principals is expected to grow faster than the average. A large percentage of principals are expected to retire during this period, and education continues to hold greater importance in people's lives. There has been a steady increase in responsibility for principals, making their jobs much more stressful. They have become more accountable for the performance of students and teachers, as well as responsible for adhering to a growing number of government regulations. In many areas, overcrowded classrooms, safety issues, budgetary concerns, and teacher shortages have added to the stress. This combination of changes has discouraged many teachers from taking jobs as principals.

For more information on how to pursue this profession, please see our Education Degree directory.


School Principal Training

Refine School Matches
Hide filters
  • SUBJECT Clear All

  • DEGREE

    See More

  • PROGRAM TYPE

  • START TIME

    LOCATION
    Please enter valid US or Canada Zip.
            Results open in new window

            Searching Searching ...

            Matching School Ads
            M.Ed. in Educational Administration (Leads to initial teacher licensure)
            • There's still time to apply to Grand Canyon University and pursue your education. Learn more today!
            • Study on your schedule - GCU offers many programs 100% online to fit your busy lifestyle.
            • GCU offers a variety of opportunities to reduce the cost of furthering your education. Campus students may qualify for scholarships, while online students can take part in limited special offers.
            • A regionally accredited university, GCU also holds specialized accreditations and approvals for some of our core program offerings.
            • Degrees in business, education, nursing, humanities and social sciences, theology and more. Find the degree that fits you.
            • Talk to us today to learn more about financial aid and start dates!
            • Accredited
            • Online Courses
            • Flexible Scheduling
            • Accelerated Programs
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            MA/Education - Family and Community Services
            • Provides an exclusive Ashford Mobile app to keep students connected to the online classroom on the go.
            • Offers a business program in partnership and collaboration with Forbes magazine.
            • Offers several credit transfer and previous experience options for students who qualify.
            • Dedicated to fostering intellectual and personal growth since 1918.
            • Offers associate’s, bachelor’s, and master’s degree programs in business, health, education, and more.
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Educational Administration (EDD)
            • Concordia pursues online learning with the same passion and commitment to excellence that has marked our 110-year history. Our online degrees provides the same high academic standards as our on-campus.
            • #1 in M.Ed Degrees awarded by a Non-Profit University with over 8,000 M.Ed degrees that have been awarded to Concordia Online Students (Based on 2013-2014 IPEDS data); #3 MBA Program in Oregon (2015).
            • Your diploma and transcript is exactly the same as what students receive from Concordia’s on-campus program and carries the same value as a traditional degree
            • Concordia offers a variety of scholarships, grants, and awards designed to make the cost of a quality liberal arts education more affordable. Military benefits are available to candidates who qualify.
            • Concordia offers outstanding student-focused support including technical support and student service teams to assist you from initial contact through graduation. 
            • Concordia University is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            • Flexible Scheduling
            • Accelerated Programs
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            International Education - Doctor of Philosophy in Education
            • Ranked among the Best Online Bachelor's Programs in 2014 by U.S. News & World Report.
            • Implements a one-to-one teaching model, partnering one student with one faculty member in each course.
            • 100% of faculty members hold doctoral degrees.
            • No physical residency requirements, allowing students to pursue their degree online.
            • Committed to innovation, diversity, excellence, and accountability since its founding in 1996.
            • Offers several programs in business, education, psychology, and more.
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Administrative Program for Principals (Certification) - Online
            • For the 12th consecutive year, Cal U was named one for the best schools in the Northeast by The Princeton Review 
            • Recognized by the U.S. News and World Report for: Best Online Programs, Bachelor’s 2017, Best Online Programs, Grad Education 2017 and Best Online Programs, Bachelor’s for Veterans 2017
            • Quality Online courses at Cal U have the same objectives, content and learning outcomes as campus-based programs and are taught by the same expert professors.
            • Offers private school amenities at a public school cost. Student-to-teacher ratio of 20:1
            • CAL U online programs complete an annual assessment of student learning to ensure outcomes are focused on your success in career entry, advancement or enhancement!
            Show more [+]
            • Accredited
            • Online Courses
            • Accelerated Programs
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Instructional Design & Technology
            • Push Your Creativity To The Next Level.
            • Full Sail’s curriculum combines elements of creativity, art, business and life skills, technical prowess, and academic achievement.
            • Full Sail offers accelerated programs, so a degree that would normally take four years takes 24 months on average.
            • Students work with industry-standard tools and technologies, allowing them to gain practical knowledge and real-world experience.
            • Join us on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Instagram to interact with our community, read about grad success, and see campus images.
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            M.A. Education with Preliminary Education Specialist Instruction Credential
            • Founded over 60 years ago on the principles of inclusion and social justice.
            • Offers credit for previous life and work experience.
            • Equipped with over 17,000 titles in their library.
            • Has 3 semesters and 6 start dates a year.
            • Located in Pasadena, CA, with instructional sites in Sacramento, Salinas, Santa Cruz, and Visalia as well as online options.
            • Accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            • Flexible Scheduling
            • Accelerated Programs
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            MS in Education - Instructional Technology and Instructional Technology Specialist Certification

            Founded by the Society of Jesus in 1851, Saint Joseph's University (SJU) has been developing the minds and abilities of men and women in a challenging academic environment steeped in the enriching Jesuit tradition of cura personalis (care of the entire person). The strong liberal arts foundation promotes an environment of open-minded investigation and debate and attends to developing students beyond their academic accomplishments, while maintaining high academic standards. The University strives to be recognized as the preeminent Catholic comprehensive university in the Northeast.

            • Online Courses
            Master of Arts in Teaching
            • Ranked 21st among the Best Education Schools in 2015 by U.S. News and World Report.
            • Established in 1918 with the mission, “to improve learning in urban education locally, nationally, and globally.”
            • The first major research university to offer an online M.A.  in teaching program.
            • Offers certificate through doctoral programs in teaching, counseling, and more.
            • All programs taught with the guiding principles of leadership, learning, accountability, and diversity.
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            AA in Education (Non-Licensure)
            • Liberty University’s online programs ranked in the top 10 out of more than 2,100 colleges & universities for academic quality, affordability, and accessibility.*
            • 100% online programs at associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral level.**
            • Transfer up to 90 credits into an undergraduate degree program.
            • Up to 50% of your master’s degree can be transferred in to help you get the most out of your hard work and maximize the credit you previously earned.
            Show more [+]
            • Accredited
            • Online Courses
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits