Electrical And Electronics Engineer

Job Duties

Electrical and electronics engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment, from global positioning systems to enormous electric power generators. This equipment also includes broadcast and communications systems; electric motors, machinery controls, lighting, and wiring in buildings, automobiles, aircraft, and radar and navigation systems; and power generating, controlling, and transmission devices used by electric utilities. Although computer hardware is the domain of computer hardware engineers, another engineering specialty, electrical and electronics engineers often work in areas closely related to computers.

Electrical and electronics engineers may specialize in areas such as power generation, transmission, and distribution; communications; and electrical equipment manufacturing. They also may specialize further in one of these areas, such as industrial robot control systems or aviation electronics. Some of their many duties include designing new products, writing performance requirements, developing maintenance schedules, testing equipment, solving operating problems, and estimating project time and cost..

Job Skills

Electrical and electronics engineers need to be able to work effectively as part of a team. They should have the ability to communicate in writing and orally. These communication skills are vital in the field of electrical and electronics engineering because electrical and electronics engineers interact so often with many non-engineering specialists in a wide variety of fields. Electrical and electronics engineers should be analytical, creative, detail-oriented, and inquisitive.


In 2002, electrical engineers earned a median annual salary of $68,180. Earnings ranged from the lowest 10%, who earned less than $44,780, and the highest 10%, who earned more than $100,980.

In 2002, electronics engineers earned a median annual salary of $69,930. Earnings ranged from the lowest 10%, who earned less than $46,310, and the highest 10%, who earned more than $103,860.

According to a 2003 survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, bachelor's degree candidates in electrical/electronics engineering received starting offers averaging $49,794, master's degree candidates averaged $64,556, and Ph.D. candidates averaged $74,283.

Training and Education

A bachelor's degree is required for all entry-level electrical and electronics engineering positions. Most programs include study in the electrical and electronics specialty, as well as courses in mathematics and science. Many programs include a design course, along with a computer or laboratory class. Many colleges offer students the option of earning a 2- or 4-year degree in engineering technology, which include hands-on laboratory courses that prepare students for practical design and production work, as opposed to more theory-based jobs. While graduates of these programs may obtain the same kinds of jobs as graduates with a bachelor's degree in engineering, they are not qualified to register as professional engineers.

Faculty positions and many research and development programs in electrical and electronics engineering require graduate training. Some engineers earn degrees in business administration to enhance their education and give themselves more career options. In fact, many high-level executives in government and business started their careers as engineers. Engineers in the United States are required to be licensed if they offer their services directly to the public. When engineers become licensed, they are designated Professional Engineers (PE). PE requirements include a degree from an engineering program accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), 4 years of relevant work experience, and successful completion of a State examination. Entry-level engineers usually work under the supervision of experienced engineers, and may advance to become technical specialists or to supervise a staff of engineers and technicians.


In 2002, electrical and electronics engineers held about 292,000 jobs.

Job Outlook

Between 2002 and 2012, employment of electrical and electronics engineers is expected to increase more slowly than the average. Although demand for electrical and electronics goods is expected to rise, employment growth will be limited by foreign competition. Overall, employment opportunities should be good because the number of graduates is expected to roughly equal the number of job openings. Job growth will be faster in services industries, such as consulting firms that offer electronic engineering expertise.

For more information on how to pursue this profession, please see our Computer Training and Technology Education directory.

Electrical And Electronics Engineer Training

Refine School Matches
Hide filters
  • SUBJECT Clear All

    See More


    See More



    Please enter valid US or Canada Zip.
            Results open in new window

            Searching Searching ...

            Matching School Ads
            Electrical Technician

            About Brightwood College

            Brightwood College offers accelerated programs that combine flexible schedules and professional instruction to create a rewarding learning experience for individuals focused on gaining the skills for specific careers. Brightwood College is owned and operated by Education Corporation of America.

            About Education Corporation of America

            Education Corporation of America's institutions broaden access to postsecondary educational opportunities.

            Certificate - Electrical Technology
            • Many programs require externships, allowing students to gain real-world experience.
            • Approved A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau (BBB) since 1984.
            • Offers 22 accelerated, career-focused program options including business administration, medical assisting, and more.
            • Regionally accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
            • 11 campuses across California, with an online division as well.
            Show more [+]
            • Financial Aid
            Bachelor of Science in Electronics Engineering Technology
            • Founded in 1951 by World War II veteran Donald Grantham to provide affordable, higher education for service members and their families.
            • Approved by all branches of the United States Armed Forces for Tuition Assistance (TA), and for benefits payments by the Department of Veteran Affairs benefits (VA).
            • Reviews applicants’ military and professional training for possible transfer credits, and honors credit earned through successful completion of Defense Acquisition University (DAU) courses.
            • Participates in GoArmyEd, Marine Corps Academic Explorer, The Air University Associate to Baccalaureate Cooperative (CCAF), and many other virtual gateways.
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Industrial Design (BS)
            • Alumni have appeared in reality competition shows such as Top Chef and Project Runway.
            • Has a team of about 4,000 faculty members focused on helping students tap opportunities in a marketplace driven by ideas.
            • Offers programs in design, media arts, fashion, and culinary.
            • Provides program coordinators who work with students to ensure they have the learning materials, assignments, facilities, and faculty to get the most out of the program.
            • Over 50 campus locations nationwide.
            Show more [+]
            • Flexible Scheduling
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits