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Software Engineer

Computer applications software engineers design, test, and evaluate software and systems using the principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis. They deal specifically with general computer applications software and specialized utility programs. The programming languages they use depends on the program's objectives, and may include C, C++, Java, Fortran, and COBOL. Some computer applications software engineers specialize in systems software, packaged systems, or customized applications.

Job Skills

Computer applications software engineers should be adept at problem-solving and possess well-developed analytical skills. They must be able to communicate clearly and effectively with both team members and customers. They also need to be detail-oriented and have the ability to effectively multi-task.

Income

In 2002, computer applications software engineers earned a median annual salary of $70,900. Earnings ranged from the lowest 10%, who earned less than $44,830, and the highest 10%, who earned more than $109,800. The following shows the median annual salaries for the industries employing the highest numbers of computer applications software engineers:

  • Software publishers - $76,450
  • Navigational, measuring, and control instruments manufacturing - 75,890
  • Computer systems design and related services - 71,890
  • Architectural, engineering, and related services - 70,090
  • Management of companies and enterprises - 67,260

Training and Education

Employers of computer applications software engineers often require candidates to have a bachelor's degree or higher in computer science or software engineering, as well as a broad knowledge, and experience with, a variety of computer systems and technologies. School internship or co-op programs greatly increase a candidate's chances of employment; advanced degrees that include mathematics and systems design will do the same. Many firms have mentoring or training programs for new employees. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society offers professional certification as a Certified Software Development Professional. Obtaining this certification requires a bachelor's degree, relevant work experience, and a written exam.

Employment

In 2002, computer applications software engineers held about 394,000 jobs. 30%, the largest percentage, were employed in computer systems design and related services. Others worked in government agencies, manufacturers of computers and related electronic equipment, and colleges and universities.

Job Outlook

Between 2002 and 2012, computer applications software engineers are expected to be one of the fastest growing occupations. Candidates with at least a bachelor's degree in computer engineering or computer science should have great opportunities for employment. Employment of computer applications software engineers is expected to grow much faster than the average, due to the adoption and integration of new technologies by businesses and other organizations. Additional job openings will result from replacement of workers who are promoted into management, change occupations, or leave the work force for other reasons.

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